Watch how Dr. Neil explains that Intervention methods of problem behaviors can be broken down into 3 strategies that are Proactive where you prevent problem behaviors from occurring, second is Active where you teach behaviors and third is Reactive where you respond to problem behaviors.
In a Proactive Intervention Strategy, you can offer choice, control, and predictability to the child. Offer appropriate engaging and fun activities and modify the environment/structure if necessary. For example: instead of telling the child to do A, give them options of A, B, and C and make them choose. Another important thing to keep in mind is to always reinforce appropriate behavior instead of only punishing the child when he is showing negative behavior patterns.
In Active Strategy intervention, you can focus on teaching individuals new ways to meet their needs rather than reacting to their problem behaviors. You can teach them effective functional, communication, and coping strategies like how to ask for help, how to say “it is difficult” or how to learn to wait. It is however important to keep in mind that such strategies must be more effective than problem behaviors.
In Reactive strategy interventions if you find the reinforcer is attention, do not give any attention to the individual unless the individual stops the problem behavior. Likewise, you should also give clear instructions on what the individual should do rather than telling what not to do. For example: Instead of telling the individual to stop shouting, request them to speak softly.
Generally, unhelpful strategies can be when you are giving consequences to the actions of the individual and you are unable to follow through. For example, if you do not stop throwing the plates, I shall take it from you. And then you say it again when the individual repeats the action, this might lead the individual to be confused and continue with the action.